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Firearm Basics: Basic Parts of a Gun – Off Grid Survival

If you have gotten your very first firearm, then there is a bunch of information that you need to learn. Proper training is essential and must never be overlooked. However, we will be discussing all the firearm basics with you, in this piece of article, demonstrating on the parts of a gun and everything that a beginner must know.

All firearms, whether it is a handgun or a pistol or rifle; they all have some basic parts and pieces. For instance, no matter what “type” of gun you have, it has barrels and a trigger guard etc. However, when you learn how to operate it in a safe manner, you gradually understand how these parts work together. We will be demonstrating some safety tips here as well. But let’s begin with understanding the basic parts of a gun.

Basic Parts of a Gun:

There are three most common parts in all types of guns, and they are as follows:

  • Barrel
  • Action
  • Stock
  • Action: This is the most important part of a firearm gun. It is basically the “core” of it. Why? This is because it is responsible for loading, firing and ejecting the cartridges. Therefore, it plays the most prominent part.
  • Barrel: The barrel is at the front end of the gun, which is the exit path for the firearm cartridges or the shells. It is also termed as a “discharging” part of the gun. When you fire, the cartridge is pushed down into the barrel and then exited through the muzzle. This usual exoduses gases along as well.

However, the function of barrel is a little different in shot guns, as compared to rifles. In a shotgun, the shot is processed through the barrel. On the other contrary, the bullet voyages through the barrel in handguns or rifles.

  • Stock: The stock is the handle of the gun. It is made up of two parts, i.e, the fore-end and the butt.

Now, these three parts are common in all types of gun, no matter which you pick for your firearm. But here is a detailed breakdown of other basic parts that is important to understand.

  • Breech: The cartridge is the inserted in the breech; it exists towards the rear end (towards the end of the barrel).
  • Bore: The bore is found inside the gun, in the barrel. The projectile travels through the bore and is then fired.
  • Hammer: The part of the gun, with which you assault the firing pin, is better known as the hammer. It basically discharges the gun.
  • Cylinder: This part of the gun is responsible for holding the cartridges in discrete chambers. The cylinder acts to bringing each chamber in perfect arrangement with the barrel.
  • Muzzle: The frontend of the barrel is known as the muzzle. The bullet exits the firearm through this part of the gun.
  • Grip: The part with which you hold the firearm, is the grip.
  • Magazine: Magazine can be detachable or fixed. It is responsible for holding the cartridges together, when the firearm has to be repeated.
  • Trigger: You pull the trigger to initiate the bullet out of the gun.
  • Trigger Guard: The trigger guard is wrapped around the trigger. It exists for safety purposes.

Understanding the basic elements of a gun is crucial before you head out to learn how to function it. Moreover, it is equally important to have a handful of safety tips up your sleeve, to stay careful while functioning with one. Thus, we have got you covered in this aspect as well.

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Safety Rules for Handling Guns:

First things first, join a proper teaching class for learning how to handle guns. It is very important to get proper training. Once you are trained, you must be cautious of how you use your gun. Here are some helpful safety rules for gun handling:

  • Handle your gun as if it is loaded.
  • Make sure that you keep the gun pointed, in a safe direction.
  • Until you are not ready to shoot, it is best to keep your finger away from the trigger. Keep it straight.
  • Never point your gun towards anything, in a jokingly manner.
  • The gun must be unloaded all the times, until just before usage.
  • It is very important to learn all the mechanical traits of the gun. Also, train for the handling characteristics of it.
  • The barrel must be clear of all obstructions before you tend to load or shoot.
  • The barrel must be pointed down all the time.
  • Eye and ear protection gadget is extremely important to wear while you shoot.
  • Don’t shoot towards hard surfaces or water.
  • Using the correct ammunition is important.
  • If you are climbing any ladder, hill or surface, make sure that he gun is not loaded. A slight disposition of the finger can cause a loaded gun to fire. Therefore, you must be very cautious.
  • If you have any doubts about shooting at a certain object or person, do not shoot. You are never supposed to shoot in doubt.

These are some of the most helpful and vital gun safety rules that you need to keep into consideration. Handling a gun is not a child’s play and if you are not cautious, you might end up putting yourself or other’s around you, in danger.

Many people are not comfortable while shooting. However, they take it up anyways. But if you feel confused or uncomfortable, you need to step out of it. Do not shoot until you are prepared for it. Know yourself better!

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