To put it in the most basic perspective, organic gardening is growing plants without the use of any type of chemical or synthetic additive. Learning organic gardening techniques starts with un-learning everything you may know about fertilizer, pest, and disease control and re-learning natural techniques.
It’s not complicated, and it will require some research, along with trial and error, but in the end, you will have produced organic food that is good for you and the planet through organic gardening.
Feed the Soil
The soil feeds the plants so it must be kept fertile with organic material. Compost is one of the best things that you can add to a garden.
Compost is decomposed plant material and it can be purchased or made at home. Compost is called ‘black gold’ by gardeners because it feeds the soil, prevents soil compaction, promotes air and water circulation in the soil, and promotes the development of a bio-diverse sub-culture in the soil that will benefit garden plants.
Well-rotted animal manure is also an ideal soil conditioner and organic plant food.
Dedicate a spot in the backyard for a compost pile or bin. Making compost is easy, just save all vegetable and fruits peelings, grass clippings, fallen leaves, and other organic material and create a pile and allow it to decompose.
The organic material will decompose into a nutrient-rich heap of black compost that will help your organic garden grow healthy plants.
Discover Companion Planting
Every plant has something unique to offer besides food and/or floral beauty. Plants also provide benefits to other plants, like pest control, flavor enhancement, and weed control.
Certain plants make good companions for other plants and will help them be productive and pest-free without using chemicals.
For example, marigolds are a natural pest-repellent and will keep a wide array of garden pests away from vegetables. Basil enhances the flavor of tomatoes when they are grown close together, and dill will keep the cabbage worms off of cabbage.
Organic Disease Control
Watering your organic garden in the early morning is the best way to prevent plant disease. Plants uptake water best in the early morning and water that gets on foliage will quickly evaporate.
Organic disease control products are on the market, along with organic pest control and plant foods.