How to Make a Candle Wick?
Making your homemade candles is very easy. You will be able to give your home a special aroma by adding essential oils. You can also use colors or different containers such as jars, cups, and lids to get a personal decoration.
Learn how to make your own candles with the tips made available in this article. Because the power of candles is infinite: they help you relax, decorate, and enjoy warm and romantic atmospheres.
Do you love candles and their warm and romantic aura? Would you like to fill your house with handmade candles made exclusively by you? With the help of this article, you will certainly do it with ease. There are many ways to make them, and the most important step of all is knowing how to make long-lasting, homemade candle wicks.
There are several types of wicks for candles or wicks, but we will show you one in particular that requires almost the same elements that you need to make the candle itself, so you do not have to spend an extra resource on other materials.
Do candle wicks produce toxic fumes?
The fact is that some wicks do not emit toxic fumes, so if a candle releases black smoke from the wick, it is because you have not chosen the wick well. But what wick do I use then in my candle?
As a general rule, wicks that correspond to candles with a melting point of around 65ºC is quite nice to use. That is if you have a candle made with paraffin 65 and the diameter of the candle is 4 cm, the waxed wick for candles of 4-5 cm will correspond to it. If the melting point of the paraffin is 74ºC, even if the diameter of the candle is 4 cm, a wick will have to be put on with more force, that is, a larger diameter. On the other hand, if you make a candle with paraffin 58ºC, even if the diameter of the candle is 4 cm, you should put a waxed wick with less force, otherwise, it would burn very quickly. You will also have to take into account that for candles over 10 cm in diameter we must put two wicks apart from each other so that they can burn equally. Lastly, note that gel candles require a special wick called a gel candlewick.
Materials to Use in Making a Candle Wick
The materials bellow is needed to help you make perfect candlewick anytime and anywhere you are.
● Paraffin wax
● Unwaxed cotton wick
● A wooden toothpick or clothespin
● One large pot and one small pot
Other Ingredients and materials –
From the pelletized wax
– Precarried candle wicks with support.
– Containers to hold the candles (for example small glass jars).
– Essential oils to perfume according to your tastes.
– 1 glass dosing container (with a spout if possible).
– 1 pan.
– Skewers – Scotch – Scissors.
Choosing The Best Wick
Inside every candle, you need to put a wick. In this article, we want to help you with the knowledge of the best way you can choose the correct one and learn how to wax a cotton wick. Choosing the right wick is essential so that the wick has good combustion; does not emit smoke and burns perfectly.
The wick is a very important element when making candles at home. You have to take into account the hardness of the wax or paraffin you use in addition to the diameter of the candle. A poorly calibrated wick will make your candle not to light well, to burn on one side, and even to emit smoke.
The wicks are braided with cotton threads; you can find different types of wicks in the market depending on the type of candle you are going to make. In the market, you will find waxed wicks, ready to be placed on the wick. Gel candle wicks indicated for gel paraffin candles, gelatinous texture. For ecological candles use the ecological candle wicks, made with eucalyptus paper, biodegradable and natural. The braided cotton wicks are those ready to wax. You will find all these wicks in the market in different sizes so that you can choose the one that your candles need.
Most of the quality candles you will find in the market do not emit toxic fumes, doing it on your candles maybe because you did not choose the type or size of wick well.
3 Main Types of Candles
The first thing to do is to choose the shape of your candle. Indeed, know that there are three main types of candles:
- Pillar candles are made with hard wax. They are self-supporting, that is to say, they burn up as they are, without using a container to hold them.
- Container candles are the easiest to make for beginners and by far the most common. They burn in the container where the wax was poured.
- Votive candles are small candles intended to be burned in containers. They are very popular at weddings and places of worship.
What Type of Wax to Choose?
Do not rush right away to the hobby store to rob their stock of beeswax. Indeed, you must first choose the most suitable wax for the creation of your homemade candles. You have several choices of wax to make your own candles. Some waxes are more popular than others. Depending on their composition, the waxes have different melting points. And you also have to think about factors like price, allergies and also the burning time.
Paraffin: Paraffin is the cheapest of all waxes. However, it is used less and less because it is produced from crude oil. In addition, there are today several natural and more environmentally friendly alternatives. If paraffin candles are less popular, it is also because they tend to produce smoke and soot when burned. Paraffin is ideal for making small candles, such as votive candles.
However, it is not suitable for making large candles, such as pillar candles. Paraffin melts quickly, but its big advantage is that it can be easily colored and perfumed.
Beeswax: Beeswax is completely natural and free of chemicals. It is a residue from the honey manufacturing process, which gives it a subtly sweet aroma. More expensive than paraffin, there are two forms of beeswax: block or lozenges. The tablets are easier to handle since it is easier to measure them. Indeed, the block wax must be cut or grated to obtain the desired quantity, which can be difficult and messy.
Beeswax, however, melts without making big streaks. And because it is 100% natural, it is very popular with people who suffer from allergies, sinus problems or asthma. Beeswax also has a drawback, that is, it does not retain color or perfumes very well.
Vegetable waxes: There are other natural alternatives for making your own candles. Natural palm wax burns longer and is smokeless, but it is the most expensive wax. It is perfect for making pillar candles. Soy wax is another one made from soybeans. It also burns for a long time and without making smoke.
Reuse leftover candle And finally, the trick: You can also reuse the remains of your old candles. Just use the residue from your old candles to give life to a new 100% recycled candle. Making a candle with recycled wax is a great way to reduce your waste, and to recycle it into something useful.
Steps for Making a Candle Wick
Step 1: Prepare The Wax
1. Choose your type of wax: paraffin wax, beeswax, palm wax, or soy wax. Measure the amount of wax then, take the jar that will serve as a container for the candle. Measure the exact capacity of the container by putting water in it. Pour the water into the measuring cup. Thanks to this trick, you now know the exact capacity of the pot and can measure it. Take the wax tablet. Measure the equivalent of a double capacity of the pot. For example, if the capacity of the jar was 50 ml, prepare 100 ml of wax.
Or to help you melt the exact amount of wax you will need, take your mold or an empty container, place it on the scale, tare and fill it with water. The weight in grams of the water will tell you how much wax to melt.
2. Break the wax into small pieces, or grate it into shavings.
- Melt the wax in a double boiler. In doing this, you would have to half fill your pan with water. Then put the glass container that contains the wax flakes in this water. If you can, put them directly into the dispenser with the spout. Make sure that water does not get into the container. Then heat over medium heat. Use a metal spoon or spatula to stir the wax. Once the wax is completely melted, remove it from the pan.
4. Use newspaper to protect your work surface. If spilled wax is kept, keep a damp towel handy.
5. Fill the pan with about 5 cm of water, and make sure that your measuring jug fits well in the pan.
6. Put the wax shavings in the glass measuring jug, then put the measuring jug in the pan.
7. Heat the water over high heat, and the wax will slowly melt.
8. Add essential oils to scent the candle (optional).
9. Add a few drops of dye until the desired color is obtained.
Step 2: Mold The Candle
1. To mold the candle, you can use any type of metal, glass, or porcelain container, as long as it is heat resistant. Recycling tip: reuse old containers, such as a glass jar, mug, or old teacup.
2. Put the wick in the center of the mold or container.
3. Run a small drop of melted wax to stick the wick to the bottom of the container.
4. Wrap the end of the wick around the pencil.
5. Place the pencil on the rim of your container, so that you hold the wick in place.
6. Put your container on a flat surface and pour the liquid wax inside, holding the pencil firmly.
7. Let the wax cool and freeze for about 3 to 4 hours. It is best to leave it at room temperature: this prevents the wax from cracking.
8. If you are using a milk carton or fruit juice to make a pillar candle, carefully tear the carton to unmold.
9. The last step cut the wick to about 4 to 5 cm in length.
Result and there you are, you know how to make homemade candles. The candles spread a sweet scent and bring a pleasant touch of warmth and comfort to the home. Once you have made your candle, try embellishing it with a beautiful label. Add a beautiful ribbon, and you have a wonderful homemade gift to give for any party or occasion.
Perfume and color the candle
We must now choose the strength of the perfume. If you want a moderately scented candle, add about 10 drops of essential oil per 450g of wax. If you want your candle to feel stronger, add several more drops. You can also color your candle by putting a few drops of food coloring. Remember to stir so that the products mix well.
By following all the guides made available in the article, we believe you will be able to achieve your dream of making any kind of candlewick. You can decide to choose your type of wax: paraffin wax, beeswax, palm wax, or soy wax in achieving your desired non-toxic candlewick.